Photographing the Deep Sky – A Journey through Space and Time Chris Baker – 17th October 2018


Having visited us a couple of years ago, Chris Baker did not dwell overlong on the description of his telescope five thousand feet up in the mountains of Spain. He is an early pioneer of remote astro-imaging, having available over 2000 hours of imaging time available each year and being able to control, from wherever he is, his 6 inch Takahashi Refractor equipped with a QSI683 CCD camera fitted with eight filters (L, R, G, B, Ha, Hb, SII and OIII).

He primarily wanted to show us his images taken over the last few years with this equipment and chose to present them in order of their distance from Earth, illustrating at the same time what was happening on Earth at the time the light left a particular object.

Having briefly got past the Solar System (he’s not ashamed to admit he’s not a planetry imager!) the first port of call was the Pleiades, the light from which left 440 years ago, when Elizabeth I was our monarch. Demonstrating clearly that faint nebulosity surrounding this cluster (achieved by incorporating a Ha image into the blue channel) we knew from the outset what a treat we could expect for the rest of the evening. Then followed magnificent images of the Dumbbell Nebula (1,350 ly), part of the Veil Nebula known as Pickering’s Triangle (1,470 ly) the Horsehead and Flame Nebulae (1,500 ly) and the Pelican Nebula (1,800 ly).

Onwards and outwards we went – the Elephant’s Trunk (2,600 ly), the Cocoon, Crescent and Rosette Nebulae (all about 3,000 ly) and the Bubble Nebula (7,500 ly). Finally, whilst still in the Milky Way, out to stars as old as the galaxy itself, the globular clusters M13 (22,000 ly), M5 (24,460 ly) and M3 (33,900 ly). All fabulous images in gloriously deep colours, with amazing clarity and depth. Some of these images involved over 50 hours of exposure!

After this of course, a big gap – because we needed to step out to neighbouring galaxies. M31 (2.5 mly), M33 (2.7 mly), M51 (23 mly), the Virgo Cluster (65 mly). Finally Chris showed us an image he took of the furthest object in his collection, Abell 2065, a galaxy cluster one billion light years away!

With great images, an engaging presentational style and a book of his images available for purchase afterwards for those that wanted, we had a most enjoyable evening. And for all of us aspiring astro-imagers, a clear message – must try harder!

Sandy Giles

Celebrating 4 years of WAS Photo exhibitions

Wycombe Astronomical Society’ fourth Astro-imaging Exhibition in July 2017 was a huge success and demonstrated that our members are some of the best amateur astro-imagers around.

Five years ago the Society’s members were already gaining in confidence and competence in this very challenging field. At that time we ran a monthly competition aimed at both experienced imagers and beginners. There were difficulties, however. Often a month would go by and there was no good weather to allow imaging! The judging was often very subjective, carried out by visiting speakers some of whom had no imaging experience and hence no frame of reference for consistent judging. Beginners in particular were reluctant to show their humble first efforts and hence felt discouraged to venture further. Accordingly we abandoned the competitive element and instead decided to hold an annual exhibition in July of each year – that time of the year when short nights make imaging impracticable.

The range of equipment our members now own is formidable – some armed with expensive astrograph quality telescopes and high end CCD cameras, others with DSLRs and video cameras and more modest telescopes, yet others with point-and-shoot cameras or just i-Phones. The Society actively promotes astro-imaging among its members. We hold Practical Sessions to teach members how to attach their photographic equipment to their scopes, how to link their computers with scopes and how to carry out post-image processing using stacking and graphic manipulation software. In addition, invited speakers of international acclaim have lectured to us on the subject, including Nik Szymanek, Pete Lawrence, Chris Baker and Damien Peach.

Our first exhibition was in 2014 where we showed both electronic and printed images. Its purpose was to encourage and develop astro-imaging skills of WAS members through participation, teaching and sharing of techniques among the membership. In subsequent years, we maintained those aims but abandoned printed images (primarily on the basis of cost) and instead showed only electronic images, inviting each imager to describe what the target was and how the image was created. Images include aurora, the Moon and Sun, the planets, nebulae and galaxies – in fact anything remotely connected with astronomy! This format has stood us in good stead since, and the results of our endeavours are shown in this section of our website. It is plain to see what a high standard of images our members are creating and that our Society is working at a level that few other societies can match.

Click an exhibition image below to view the exhibition photos.

Annual Astro-imaging Exhibition – 6th July 2017

The Society held its annual Astro-imaging Exhibition on 6th July 2017 at Coleshill Village Hall. Its purpose is to encourage and develop astro-imaging skills of WAS members through participation, teaching & sharing of techniques among the membership.

Almost fifty images were shown on screen with each imager giving details of what the picture was, where and how it was taken and what image processing techniques were employed. And what anastonishingly high quality was achieved! – not only by experienced imagers using state-of-the-art CCD cameras and scopes for deep sky targets, but also by members just embarking on the hobby using more modest equipment. Images included aurora, the Moon and Sun, the planets, nebulae and galaxies. The Society can be extremely proud of the standard of the images shown.

We plan to use some of the images to create a 2018 calendar. In the meantime we just await some more clear (and dark) nights to prepare for next year’s exhibition!

Sandy Giles.

“The High Frame Rate Advantage” – Lecture by Pete Lawrence, 16th June 2016

At our recent Practical Sessions we have covered the basics of capturing video images of the Moon, the Sun and Planets and using software to process good quality images. Now it was time for the Masterclass!

Pete Lawrence has been a presenter on the long running BBC Sky at Night television programme since 2005 and is highly regarded in the world of astrophotography. And it’s fitting that Wycombe Astronomical Society can attract such an eminent speaker to help us refine our skills.

Of course one could resort to “lucky imaging” – taking that single shot of Jupiter where the seeing is perfect. But in real life we face that enemy of astro-imaging – our atmosphere and its effects on seeing. To overcome this we need to take hundreds or thousands of images and these days high frame rate video cameras are available which make this relatively easy. Coupled with (usually free) image processing software, planetary imaging is now well within the capability of amateur astronomers and Mr Lawrence gave us valuable detail on how to get the best results.

Collimation, cooling and focus of one’s scope are all critical – so, too, being able to understand the basics of meteorology! We also learned about the pros and cons of mono –v– colour cameras, appropriate focal ratios to employ depending on seeing, the use or otherwise of IR Pass and IR Blocking filters. Finally the ins and outs of frame rates and the number of frames to capture.

And then on to image processing. Mr Lawrence favours Autostakkert!2 for analysing, ranking and stacking just the very best frames, then Registax’s Wavelets for image enhancement. He gave a live demonstration of the use of these tools on a Moon video he’d captured, and showed in detail how to bring the best out of the image. He also emphasised there is still a place for Photoshop in the final stages of image processing.

Judging by the questions which emerged from our Practical Sessions, answers to which Mr Lawrence ably provided during his talk, there is considerable enthusiasm amongst the members of our Society to improve our imaging techniques. So much so that at least one of our members raced straight home to put them into practice!


Photographing The Night Sky – Nik Szymanek Lecture – Wednesday 16th March 2016


Fifty five WAS members were treated to a thoroughly entertaining evening. Nik’s enthusiasm and positive, all-inclusive approach meant that everyone went away happy.

The talk included the use of basic techniques to create attractive pictures of clouds, aurora, star trails and asterisms with DSLR cameras.

It moved on to the delights of photographing the Moon, including the opportunities a slowly developing Lunar eclipse can offer, the Sun and transits of Mercury and Venus. As the evening warmed up we learned more about CCD techniques, auto guiding and the use of colour and narrow-band filters to bring deep sky objects to life.

Nik cleverly compared the effects of different techniques with the same objects. He seamlessly integrated basic principles with examples of his work and personal experiences. His motto: You never stop learning – initially there is a steep learning curve – but it flattens out! When asked what could beginners start with in their journey into astrophotography – he included the Moon, the Orion Nebula, the Andromeda Galaxy, the Dumbbell Nebula and definitely our own galaxy the Milky Way.

This was Nik’s sixth visit to our Society and I guess it won’t be the last. Many of us bought his book ‘Shooting Stars’ or a few of his stunning pictures as prints or postcards. If this didn’t stimulate you to want to take your own photographs, then I don’t know what will!